Attack™ Pre-Workout

$49.99

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ANIMALISTIC PRE-TRAINING AMPLIFIER

Kodiak named our pre-workout Attack for good reason…it will have you hitting the iron with full intensity from the minute you step in the gym until you pump out your last rep.  This isn’t your run of the mill pre-workout that over promises and under delivers.  When we say Attack will give you intense energy, skin splitting pumps, and razor sharp focus WE MEAN IT. * After all the proof is in the pudding.  Take a close look at Attack’s fully transparent label and you will find research validated, time tested ergogenic aids dosed at clinical levels combined with cutting edge compounds that will give the term total domination a whole new meaning.  From top to bottom Attack is the most advanced, hardest hitting pre-workout packed with only the best ingredients.

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Kodiak named our pre-workout Attack for good reason…it will have you hitting the iron with full intensity from the minute you step in the gym until you pump out your last rep. This isn’t your run of the mill pre-workout that over promises and under delivers. When we say Attack will give you intense energy, skin splitting pumps, and razor sharp focus WE MEAN IT. After all the proof is in the pudding. Take a close look at Attack’s label and you will find research validated, time tested ergogenic aids dosed at clinical levels combined with cutting edge compounds that will give the term total domination a whole new meaning. From top to bottom Attack is the most advanced, hardest hitting pre-workout packed with only the best ingredients such as:

Cytidine 5’-diphosphocholine – A nootropic compound that converts to both choline and cytidine upon ingestion which leads to improved focus and cognition.
Caffeine Complex – Caffeine is one of the most clinically-supported ergogenic aids. Improves energy, focus, and power all without the typical caffeine crash
Beta-Alanine ¬– Buffers blood acids to squeeze out more reps for better pumps and huge gains.
Citrulline Malate – A dual-threat: Provides huge boosts to training volume with the metabolic intermediate malate and stimulates nitric oxide production with citrulline.
L-Ornithine – Shown to decrease ammonia concentrations in the blood ultimately allowing you to exercise harder for longer.

(*To view complete supplement facts click on the ingredient profile tab above)

We don’t need to tell you that a pre-workout can make or break your training session. Furthermore, nothing is more disappointing then spending your hard earned money on a product built on hype that doesn’t work. With Kodiak Attack you get everything you need to give you a pre-training advantage and nothing you don’t. Research backed, synergistic ingredients. Efficacious dosing. Innovative compounds. Attack is a game changer that will boost your workout performance and help you push your limits further than you have before.

ATTACK PERFORMANCE COMPLEX

 Beta Alanine:

Beta Alanine is an amino acid that is used to enhance muscular endurance. Reports of increased rep range are common. Also, the benefit is highly noticeable in moderate to high intensity cardio.

  • Beta-Alanine’s effectiveness comes through boosting the synthesis of carnosine. Carnosine acts as an intra muscular buffer to keep the pH from dipping too low during a workout. To keep muscular strength through a workout, you need to have your pH levels optimal. If they drop too low, you have significantly less strength and fatigue quicker.
  • Beta-Alinine synthesizes to carnosine which helps keep your pH levels in check by absorbing positive hydrogen molecules (H+) that are produced during periods of heavy exercise. By absorbing the H+ produced by strenuous exercise, your muscular pH levels are kept at an optimal level which will allow you to train harder and longer!
  • A recent meta-analysis confirmed the ergogenic effect of beta-alanine, showing a 2.85% increase in exercise performance compared to placebo when dosed at ~2/grams daily.


N-Acetyl-L-Tyrosine:

L-Tyrosine helps to activate metabolic pathways that produce the hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine – which are typically produced during moments of stress on the body and provide a boost in the terms of a “fight or flight” scenario.

  • Epinephrine and norepinephrine are depleted quickly during these moments of stress due to a lack of L-Tyronsine.
  • The addition of this amino acid to Attack will help give you an extra PUSH and can make a big difference to help you FIGHT through your workouts and plateaus.
  • Hoffman et al. (2010) research results indicate that acute ingestion of supplement including L-tyrosine and anhydrous caffeine, can maintain reaction time, and subjective feelings of focus and alertness to both visual and auditory stimuli in healthy college students following exhaustive exercise.


Caffeine Complex
 (Caffeine Anhydrous, DiCaffeine Malate):

This blend of caffeine helps to provide effectively dosed stimulation for your training and not keep you up all night long.

  • It is also formulated to help fight that horrible crash you might experience with stimulated laden pre-workouts.
  • Multiple studies have confirmed can improve muscular endurance and power, focus and cognitive performance, and improve energy levels. Caffeine has also been shown to have a thermogenic effect (heating/calorie burning) at rest and may increase the use of fats for fuel during exercise.
  • Doherty and Smith performed a meta-analysis of caffeine’s effects on perceived exertion and found a 5.6% decrease in RPE (rating of perceived exhertion) during exercise.  This means exercise may feel easier at higher effort levels when supplementing with caffeine.


Cytidine 5’-diphosphocholine:

Cytidine 5’-diphosphocholine is a nootropic compound that converts to both choline and cytidine upon ingestion.

  • It helps to increase memory and cognitive function.
  • Studies have shown that it can also help increase attention.
  • McGlade et al. (2012) discovered women who supplemented with Cytidine 5’-diphosphocholine for 28 days were able to significantly improve attention focus and attention inhibition compared to placebo.


Huperzine A:

Huperizine A is a selective inhibitor of the neurotransmitter acetylcholinesterase (AChE), which means it prevents the breakdown and increases the amount of acetylcholine; an important neurotransmitter in the central nervous system involved in cognition and muscular contractions.

  • Multiple studies have shown that supplementation with Huperzine-A can enhance focus, memory and mood.
  • A study conducted by Sun et al. (1999) reported that subjects who supplemented with Huperzine A for 4 weeks improved learning performance and memory compared to a placebo group.

 

ATTACK VASODILATION COMPLEX

Citrulline Malate:

Citrulline Malate is a non-essential amino acid that eventually converts to nitric oxide. Nitric oxide is a vasodilator that can help to lower blood pressure and improve blood flow to both organs and muscles.

  • Studies have shown that Citrulline Malate enhances exercise tolerance by reducing levels of blood ammonia and lactate that are typically elevated during strenuous exercise.
  • This ingredient will allow you to train with less rest in between sets and elevate your endurance capacity.
  • A recent research study found individuals who consumed citrulline malate for 15 days were able to increase ATP production during exercise by 34% and improve phospho-creatine resynthesis after exercise by 20%.


Arginine Carglumate:

Arginine is a semi-essential amino acid and is a chemical precursor to nitric oxide (a blood vessel-widening agent).

  • When Arginine  enters the body it stimulates nitric oxide pathways. This process vasodilates (enlarges) blood vessels and helps deliver more of the much needed oxygen rich blood and nutrients to working muscles in order to achieve the pump and ultimately muscle growth.
  •  Arginine also triggers the body to make protein and has been studied for healing wounds, bodybuilding, and preventing tissue degradation in people with critical illnesses.
  • A 2010 study conducted by Bailey et al. discovered supplemental arginine for 3 days was able to enhance nitric oxide production and decrease oxygen consumption (7%) while improving time to exhaustion by 25% in otherwise healthy men.


L-Ornithine:

Ornithine when bound by salt at the molecular level to Orotate (orotic acid) is much more bio-available than in its HCL or free form.

  • Ornithine Works in synergy with Arginine in the metabolism of waste caused by intense exercise.
  • By increasing Nitric Oxide production and decreasing waste – you are able to train longer and support greater results.
  • A 2008 study conducted by Sugino et al. discovered supplementation with ornithine was able to reduce perceptions of fatigue to 52% of placebo on a prolonged endurance test and was able to reduce ammonia accrual during exercise.


Beta Vulgaris:

Beta Vulgaris, also known as the common beet, has been shown to significantly reduce blood pressure. With this ingredient in Attack, you can get a pump while lowering your blood pressure!

  • Beet has also been shown to lower the oxygen cost of exercise and improve exercise tolerance.
  • Lansley et al. (2011) found beet supplementation resulted an in mean power increase of 5%.  Other studies have also shown supplementation with beet can improve time trial performance by 3-15%.

Q: What is the best way to take Kodiak Attack?
A: As a dietary supplement take 1 Scoop (9 Grams) 20 minutes prior to your strength training workout

Q: I see a full serving of Kodiak Attack has 300mg of caffeine. Is that amount safe?
A: Generally speaking, yes. A large review by the European Food Safety Authority concluded that a daily safe dose of 400mg is safe for adults. We suggest not taking any other stimulants (like coffee) on the days you take Kodiak Attack. We also recommend starting with a half scoop to assess your tolerance before moving on to a full scoop.

Q: What is an ergogenic aid?
A: In regards to supplements, an ergogenic aid is any substance or ingredient that can improve exercise performance. Ergogenic aids can increase strength, improve endurance, and enhance focus, among other things. Kodiak Attack is loaded with 9 different ergogenic aids proven to give you an advantage when working out.

Q: What other Kodiak products do you recommend stacking with Attack?
A: To address the pre and post workout periods we recommend stacking Attack with 3Whey.

Carnosyn Beta-Alanine:
1. Hobson, R. M., Saunders, B., Ball, G., Harris, R. C., & Sale, C. (2012). Effects of β-alanine supplementation on exercise performance: a meta-analysis. Amino acids, 43(1), 25-37.
2. Stout, J. R., Cramer, J. T., Zoeller, R. F., Torok, D., Costa, P., Hoffman, J. R., … & O’kroy, J. (2007). Effects of β-alanine supplementation on the onset of neuromuscular fatigue and ventilatory threshold in women. Amino acids,32(3), 381-386.
3. Smith, A. E., Walter, A. A., Graef, J. L., Kendall, K. L., Moon, J. R., Lockwood, C. M., … & Stout, J. R. (2009). Effects of β-alanine supplementation and high-intensity interval training on endurance performance and body composition in men; a double-blind trial. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 6(1), 1-9.
4. Baguet, A., Bourgois, J., Vanhee, L., Achten, E., & Derave, W. (2010). Important role of muscle carnosine in rowing performance. Journal of Applied Physiology, 109(4), 1096-1101.
5. Trexler, E. T., Smith-Ryan, A. E., Stout, J. R., Hoffman, J. R., Wilborn, C. D., Sale, C., … & Campbell, B. (2015). International society of sports nutrition position stand: Beta-Alanine. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 12(1), 1-14.

N-Acetyl-L-Tyrosine:
1. Benedict, C. R., Anderson, G. H., & Sole, M. J. (1983). The influence of oral tyrosine and tryptophan feeding on plasma catecholamines in man. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 38(3), 429-435.
2. Alonso, R., Gibson, C. J., Wurtman, R. J., Agharanya, J. C., & Prieto, L. (1982). Elevation of urinary catecholamines and their metabolites following tyrosine administration in humans. Biological psychiatry, 17(7), 781-790.
3. Agharanya, J. C., Alonso, R., & Wurtman, R. J. (1981). Changes in catecholamine excretion after short-term tyrosine ingestion in normally fed human subjects. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 34(1), 82-87.
4. Acworth, I. N., During, M. J., & Wurtman, R. J. (1988). Tyrosine: effects on catecholamine release. Brain research bulletin, 21(3), 473-477.
5. Neri, D. F., Wiegmann, D., Stanny, R. R., Shappell, S. A., McCardie, A., & McKay, D. L. (1995). The effects of tyrosine on cognitive performance during extended wakefulness. Aviation, space, and environmental medicine.

Caffeine Anhydrous:
1. Harland, B. F. (2000). Caffeine and nutrition. Nutrition, 16(7), 522-526.
2. Goldstein, E. R., Ziegenfuss, T., Kalman, D., Kreider, R., Campbell, B., Wilborn, C., … & Wildman, R. (2010). International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 7(1), 5.
3. Spriet, L. L. (1995). Caffeine and performance. International journal of sport nutrition, 5, S84-S84.
4. Astrup, A., Toubro, S., Cannon, S., Hein, P., Breum, L., & Madsen, J. (1990). Caffeine: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of its thermogenic, metabolic, and cardiovascular effects in healthy volunteers. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 51(5), 759-767.
5. Hogervorst, E., Bandelow, S., Schmitt, J. A., Jentjens, R., Oliveira, M., Allgrove, J. E., … & Gleeson, M. (2008). Caffeine improves physical and cognitive performance during exhaustive exercise.
6. Woolf, K., Bidwell, W. K., & Carlson, A. G. (2008). The effect of caffeine as an ergogenic aid in anaerobic exercise. International journal of sport nutrition,18(4), 412.
7. Stuart, G. R., Hopkins, W. G., Cook, C., & Cairns, S. P. (2005). Multiple effects of caffeine on simulated high-intensity team-sport performance. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 37(11), 1998.
8. Beck, T. W., Housh, T. J., Schmidt, R. J., Johnson, G. O., Housh, D. J., Coburn, J. W., & Malek, M. H. (2006). The acute effects of a caffeine-containing supplement on strength, muscular endurance, and anaerobic capabilities. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 20(3), 506-510.
9. McLellan, T. M., Kamimori, G. H., Voss, D. M., Tate, C., & Smith, S. J. (2007). Caffeine effects on physical and cognitive performance during sustained operations. Aviation, space, and environmental medicine, 78(9), 871-877.
10. Lieberman, H. R., Tharion, W. J., Shukitt-Hale, B., Speckman, K. L., & Tulley, R. (2002). Effects of caffeine, sleep loss, and stress on cognitive performance and mood during US Navy SEAL training. Psychopharmacology, 164(3), 250-261.
11. Costill, D. L., Dalsky, G. P., & Fink, W. J. (1977). Effects of caffeine ingestion on metabolism and exercise performance. Medicine and science in sports, 10(3), 155-158.
12. Kovacs, E. M., Stegen, J. H., & Brouns, F. (1998). Effect of caffeinated drinks on substrate metabolism, caffeine excretion, and Performance. Journal of Applied physiology, 85(2), 709-715.
13. Acheson, K. J., Zahorska-Markiewicz, B., Pittet, P., Anantharaman, K., & Jéquier, E. (1980). Caffeine and coffee: their influence on metabolic rate and substrate utilization in normal weight and obese individuals. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 33(5), 989-997.
14. Dulloo, A. G., Geissler, C. A., Horton, T., Collins, A., & Miller, D. S. (1989). Normal caffeine consumption: influence on thermogenesis and daily energy expenditure in lean and postobese human volunteers. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 49(1), 44-50.

Cytidine 5’-diphosphocholine:
1. McGlade, E., Locatelli, A., Hardy, J., Kamiya, T., Morita, M., Morishita, K., … & Yurgelun-Todd, D. (2012). Improved attentional performance following citicoline administration in healthy adult women. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 3(6), 769.
2. McGlade, E., Agoston, A. M., DiMuzio, J., Kizaki, M., Nakazaki, E., Kamiya, T., & Yurgelun-Todd, D. (2015). The Effect of Citicoline Supplementation on Motor Speed and Attention in Adolescent Males. Journal of attention disorders, 1087054715593633.
3. Grieb, P. (2015). Citicoline: A Food That May Improve Memory. Medical Science Monitor Basic Research, 2, 67-72.
4. Spiers, P. A., Myers, D., Hochanadel, G. S., Lieberman, H. R., & Wurtman, R. J. (1996). Citicoline improves verbal memory in aging. Archives of neurology, 53(5), 441-448.

Huperzine A:
1. Xiao, X. Q., Yang, J. W., & Tang, X. C. (1999). Huperzine A protects rat pheochromocytoma cells against hydrogen peroxide-induced injury.Neuroscience letters, 275(2), 73-76.
2. Malkova, L., Kozikowski, A. P., & Gale, K. (2011). The effects of huperzine A and IDRA 21 on visual recognition memory in young macaques.Neuropharmacology, 60(7), 1262-1268.
3. Kitisripanya, N., Saparpakorn, P., Wolschann, P., & Hannongbua, S. (2011). Binding of huperzine A and galanthamine to acetylcholinesterase, based on ONIOM method. Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine,7(1), 60-68.
4. Sun, Q. Q., Xu, S. S., Pan, J. L., Guo, H. M., & Cao, W. Q. (1999). Huperzine-A capsules enhance memory and learning performance in 34 pairs of matched adolescent students. Zhongguo yao li xue bao= Acta pharmacologica Sinica, 20(7), 601-603.
5. Xu, S. S., Gao, Z. X., Weng, Z., Du, Z. M., Xu, W. A., Yang, J. S., … & Chai, X. S. (1995). Efficacy of tablet huperzine-A on memory, cognition, and behavior in Alzheimer’s disease. Zhongguo yao li xue bao= Acta pharmacologica Sinica, 16(5), 391-395.
6. Ruan, Q., Liu, F., Gao, Z., Kong, D., Hu, X., Shi, D., … & Yu, Z. (2013). The anti-inflamm-aging and hepatoprotective effects of huperzine A in D-galactose-treated rats. Mechanisms of ageing and development, 134(3), 89-97.

Citrulline Malate:
1. Bendahan, D., Mattei, J. P., Ghattas, B., Confort-Gouny, S., Le Guern, M. E., & Cozzone, P. J. (2002). Citrulline/malate promotes aerobic energy production in human exercising muscle. British journal of sports medicine,36(4), 282-289.
2. Hickner, R. C., Tanner, C. J., Evans, C. A., Clark, P. D., Haddock, A., Fortune, C., … & Mccammon, M. (2006). L-citrulline reduces time to exhaustion and insulin response to a graded exercise test. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 38(4), 660-666.
3. Pérez-Guisado, J., & Jakeman, P. M. (2010). Citrulline malate enhances athletic anaerobic performance and relieves muscle soreness. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 24(5), 1215-1222.
4. Sureda, A., Córdova, A., Ferrer, M. D., Pérez, G., Tur, J. A., & Pons, A. (2010). L-citrulline-malate influence over branched chain amino acid utilization during exercise. European journal of applied physiology, 110(2), 341-351.

Arginine Carglumate:
1. Tan, B., Yin, Y., Liu, Z., Li, X., Xu, H., Kong, X., … & Wu, G. (2009). Dietary L-arginine supplementation increases muscle gain and reduces body fat mass in growing-finishing pigs. Amino acids, 37(1), 169-175.
2. Huk, I., Nanobashvili, J., Neumayer, C., Punz, A., Mueller, M., Afkhampour, K., … & Patton, S. (1997). L-arginine treatment alters the kinetics of nitric oxide and superoxide release and reduces ischemia/reperfusion injury in skeletal muscle. Circulation, 96(2), 667-675.
3. Yao, K., Yin, Y. L., Chu, W., Liu, Z., Deng, D., Li, T., … & Wu, G. (2008). Dietary arginine supplementation increases mTOR signaling activity in skeletal muscle of neonatal pigs. The Journal of nutrition, 138(5), 867-872.
4. Jobgen, W., Meininger, C. J., Jobgen, S. C., Li, P., Lee, M. J., Smith, S. B., … & Wu, G. (2008). Dietary L-arginine supplementation reduces white fat gain and enhances skeletal muscle and brown fat masses in diet-induced obese rats. The Journal of nutrition, jn-108.
5. Tseh, Wayland1; Cioci, Brian W.1; Morgan, Don W. FACSM2 The Effects of Arginine Alpha-Ketoglutarate Supplementation on Endurance-Trained Females http://journals.lww.com/acsm-msse/Citation/2008/05001/The_Effects_of_Arginine_Alpha_Ketoglutarate.2375.aspx
6. Thomas S. Rector, PhD; Alan J. Bank, MD; Kathleen A. Mullen, RN; Linda K. Tschumperlin, RN; Ronald Sih, MD; Kamalesh Pillai, MD; Spencer H. Kubo, MD Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of Supplemental Oral L-Arginine in Patients with Heart Failure http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/93/12/2135.full
7. E Morikawa, M A Moskowitz, Z Huang, T Yoshida, K Irikura and T Dalkara L-arginine infusion promotes nitric oxide-dependent vasodilation, increases regional cerebral blood flow, and reduces infarction volume in the rat. http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/25/2/429.short
8. S M Gardiner, A M Compton, T Bennett, R M Palmer, S Moncada Control of regional blood flow by endothelium-derived nitric oxide.

L-Ornithine:
1. Sugino, T., Shirai, T., Kajimoto, Y., & Kajimoto, O. (2008). L-ornithine supplementation attenuates physical fatigue in healthy volunteers by modulating lipid and amino acid metabolism. Nutrition research, 28(11), 738-743.

Beta-Vulgaris
1. Lansley, K. E., Winyard, P. G., Fulford, J., Vanhatalo, A., Bailey, S. J., Blackwell, J. R., … & Jones, A. M. (2011). Dietary nitrate supplementation reduces the O2 cost of walking and running: a placebo-controlled study.Journal of Applied Physiology, 110(3), 591-600.
2. Cermak, N. M., Gibala, M. J., & Van Loon, L. J. (2012). Nitrate supplementation’s improvement of 10-km time-trial performance in trained cyclists. International Journal of Sport Nutrition andExercise Metabolism,22(1), 64.

While not illegal, some of the ingredients found in this product could lead to a false positive drug test and may also be banned by WADA or other professional organizations such as the NCAA. If you are a professional, college, or amateur athlete whose given sports conduct in and out of competition random drug screens is it highly recommended you check with the appropriate person before taking this product.