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Ammo™ Intra-Workout

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3:1:1 BCAA INTRA-WORKOUT FORMULA

Kodiak Ammo™ is a Branched Chain Amino Acid (BCAA) powerhouse that was developed to address the time between pre and post workout, commonly referred to as the intra workout period, when critical nutrients are needed to fuel performance, blunt fatigue, and accelerate recovery. Collectively made up of Leucine, Isoleucine, and Valine, the BCAAs are known as essential amino acids because the human body cannot produce them and must be consumed through diet or supplementation. Independently each BCAA plays an important physiological role in the body. However, it is their synergistic combination that produces one of the most important processes involved in muscle building and recovery; the process known as muscle protein synthesis (MPS).

Kodiak took Ammo™’s formula one step further by adding other ingredients, such as glutamine, citrulline, PepForm peptides and electrolytes that have been scientifically proven to accelerate recovery, replenish energy stores, improve the absorption of amino acids, and keep you hydrated during your workouts.* Kodiak Ammo™ is without question the most advanced intra-workout amino acid product ever created.

AmmoSupps

Kodiak Ammo™ is a Branched Chain Amino Acid (BCAA) powerhouse that was developed to address the time between pre and post workout, commonly referred to as the intra workout period, when critical nutrients are needed to fuel performance, blunt fatigue, and accelerate recovery. Collectively made up of Leucine, Isoleucine, and Valine, the BCAAs are known as essential amino acids because the human body cannot produce them and must be consumed through diet or supplementation. Independently each BCAA plays an important physiological role in the body. However, it is their synergistic combination that produces one of the most important processes involved in muscle building and recovery; the process known as muscle protein synthesis (MPS).

Kodiak took Ammo™’s formula one step further by adding other ingredients, such as glutamine, citrulline, PepForm peptides and electrolytes that have been scientifically proven to accelerate recovery, replenish energy stores, improve the absorption of amino acids, and keep you hydrated during your workouts. Kodiak Ammo™ is without question the most advanced intra-workout amino acid product ever created. Take a look at the label and you will find each scoop of Ammo™ contains:

BCAAs in a 3:1:1 ratio – Shown to promote muscle growth, recovery, and reduce training related soreness. BCAAs have also been shown to increase energy and blunt fatigue during exercise.

Leucine Whey Peptides – Leucine Peptides are designed to improve delivery of amino acids to muscle tissue. More efficient nutrient delivery helps contribute to muscle synthesis and growth.

L-Citrulline – A key element in the nitric oxide cycle. It increases exercise capacity, helps rid the body of ammonia and frees ATP energy.

Citrulline Whey Peptides – Combining citrulline with peptides significantly increases the bioavailability of citrulline, with better efficiency and absorption than free form citrulline.

L-Glutamine – Glutamine is used in numerous bodily processes, including muscle anabolism, gluconeogenesis, nutrient absorption, and immunity.

Electrolytes – Sodium and potassium are necessary electrolytes that are lost in sweat. They help regulate blood volume, blood pressure, osmotic equilibrium, pH and may delay the onset of cramping from intense exercise.

(*To view complete supplement facts click on the ingredient profile tab above)

Athletes, bodybuilders, and fitness enthusiasts alike know the vital role BCAAs play in helping them achieve their training goals. The unique 3:1:1 ratio of branched chain amino acids in Kodiak Ammo™ helps reduce training related muscle damage by stimulating muscle protein synthesis; allowing your body to repair, recover, rebuild, and ultimately have you prepared to tackle your next training session.

*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

BCAAs as a whole:

The essential amino acids Leucine, Isoleucine, and Valine collectively form what is referred to as the Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs). These amino acids are essential because they cannot be produced in the body and must be provided though supplementation or diet. BCAAs comprise approximately 30% of the total muscle protein pool and are the primary amino acids oxidized in the muscle during exercise and catabolic stress.  For these reasons athletes supplement with BCAAs for the purpose of increasing muscle mass, reducing muscle damage, blunting fatigue, and increasing energy during exercise.

Hundreds of studies exist on the ergogenic benefits of BCAAs.  The majority of them show that BCAAs, whether consumed pre, during, or post-exercise; decrease protein catabolism (breakdown) and support muscle protein synthesis…a physiological process responsible for muscle growth and repair.  Furthermore, BCAAs are vitally important to glucose (energy) production; contributing to greater than 40% of glucose production during sustained endurance exercise.

A study done in 2009 found that subjects who supplemented with BCAAs while following an 8-week resistance training program had a greater decrease in body fat, an increase in lean mass, and greater strength gains on the bench press and squat compared to the non-BCAA group.

L-Leucine:

Leucine is one of the essential branched chain amino acids (BCAA). By itself it can stimulate muscle protein synthesis; the process responsible for muscle growth and recovery.  This is why it is often referred to as the “main” amino acid.

  • Supplementation with at least 2/grams daily leucine has been shown decrease muscle soreness, lessen recovery time between workouts, and increase lean muscle mass.
  • Howatson et al. (2012) discovered that leucine (combined with isoleucine and valine) administered before muscle damaging resistance exercises reduced indices of muscle damage and accelerated recovery in resistance trained males.


Leucine Whey Peptides:

Leucine Peptides contain high levels of leucine-rich peptides isolated from whey proteins to deliver the essential amino acid L-Leucine in a soluble and highly bioavailable form.

  • PepForm Leucine Peptides are designed to improve delivery of amino acids to muscle tissue. More efficient nutrient delivery helps PepForm Leucine Peptides contribute to muscle synthesis and growth.
  • PepForm Leucine Peptides’ ability to provide Leucine more efficiently is a significant step in addressing the growing concern over age-related muscle loss or sarcopenia.
  • Research shows that many individuals can decrease the rate of muscle loss by exercising and consuming proteins that are quickly absorbed and have significant levels of leucine.


L-Isoleucine:

Isoleucine, like leucine, is another BCAA that can stimulate muscle protein synthesis, but to a lesser when not combined with the other BCAAs.  However, Isoleucine significantly increases glucose uptake and the usage of glucose during exercise; leading to greater energy production.

  • Isoleucine may also play in role in the fat burning abilities of BCAAs.
  • Nishimura et al. (2010) found that mice consuming a high fat diet in conjunction with isoleucine gained less fat mass than mice not receiving isoleucine. This was due to isoleucine’s ability to stimulate receptors (PPAR) that inhibit fat storage and increase fat burning.


L-Valine:

Valine, the third BCAA, promotes muscular endurance and decrease fatigue during exercise.

  • When exercising tryptophan is converted to serotonin and signals the brain that the body is fatigued…ultimately leading to a decrease in muscle strength and endurance
  • Since Valine competes with tryptophan for entry into the brain, and prevails, less serotonin gets to the brain; ultimately leading to stronger muscular contractions, quicker recovery between sets, and prolonged muscular strength and endurance.


L-Citrulline:

Citrulline is a crucial cofactor in the production of arginine and nitric oxide. It’s been shown to relax blood vessels, improve blood flow and raise overall nitric oxide levels. Many bodybuilders take citrulline with their pre and post workout drinks to help improve recovery, increase vascularity and improve muscle pumps throughout the day and following a training session.

  • Citrulline is also an energy booster backed by research. One study reported that subjects consuming citrulline for 15 days experienced a 35% increase in ATP (energy) production during exercise and a 20% increase in phosphocreatine recovery between bouts of exercise.
  • Research also suggests that subjects supplementing with citrulline before a chest workout could complete at least one to two more reps on most sets compared to subjects taking a placebo.


Citrulline Whey Peptides:

Citrulline is a key element in the nitric oxide cycle. It increases exercise capacity, helps rid body of ammonia and frees ATP energy.

  • Combining citrulline with peptides significantly increases the bioavailability of citrulline, with better efficiency and absorption than free form citrulline.


L-Glutamine:

L-glutamine is the most prevalent free amino acid in plasma and one of the most prevalent found in muscle tissue.

  • L-Glutamine stimulates muscle protein synthesis and is effective at replenishing energy for muscles (glycogen) after exhaustive exercise which may lead to quicker recovery.
  • L-Glutamine may also increase cell volumization (hydration) and lead to increases in muscle hypertrophy.
  • L-Glutamine may also reduce protein breakdown and support immune function.
  • Lehmkuhl et al. (2003) found individual supplementing with glutamine and creatine monohydrate for 8 weeks increased body mass, lean body mass and initial rate of power production compared to placebo.


Potassium:

Potassium is a mineral found in varying amounts in almost all foods.

  • It is needed for building and keeping strong bones.
  • It also helps control the amount of calcium in the body and urine.
  • If potassium levels get too high or too low, the heart and nervous system completely shut down. Many people in the U.S. often fail to obtain optimal amounts of this nutrient, and pay a health cost for it.


Sodium:

Sodium is a necessary electrolyte that is lost in sweat. Sodium regulates blood volume, blood pressure, osmotic equilibrium and pH.

  • Sodium is also involved in signal transmission in neurons and transport of many compounds in the body such as glucose.
  • It may also delay the onset of cramping from intense exercise.
  • Sims et al. (2007) discovered that pre-exercise ingestion of a high-sodium beverage increased plasma volume before exercise and involved less thermoregulation and perceived strain during exercise and increased exercise capacity in warm conditions.

Q: How should I take Kodiak Ammo?
A: As a dietary supplement, mix one scoop per 8-10 oz. of water. Shake well and consume during exercise on training days, or sip throughout the day on non-training days.

Q: What are BCAAs?
A: The branched chain amino acids are collectively made up of leucine, isoleucine, and valine. They are essential amino acids that cannot be produced by the body and can only be obtained through diet or supplementation. The BCAAs are the primary drivers behind muscle protein synthesis; arguably the most important physiological process for maximal muscle growth and recovery.

Q: What other Kodiak products can I stack with Ammo?
A: In order to promote maximal recovery and performance we recommend stacking Ammo with our pre-workout Attack and 3Whey protein.

Q: When is the best time to take Kodiak Ammo?
A: Pre, intra, and post workout as well as in between meals in order to maximally stimulate muscle protein synthesis throughout the day.

BCAAs (Leucine, Isoleucine, Valine)
1. Norton, L. E., & Layman, D. K. (2006). Leucine regulates translation initiation of protein synthesis in skeletal muscle after exercise. The Journal of nutrition, 136(2), 533S-537S.
2. Shimomura, Y., Inaguma, A., Watanabe, S., Yamamoto, Y., Muramatsu, Y., Bajotto, G., … & Mawatari, K. (2010). Branched-chain amino acid supplementation before squat exercise and delayed-onset muscle soreness. International journal of sport nutrition, 20(3), 236.
3. Gualano, A. B., Bozza, T., Lopes, D. C. P., Roschel, H., Dos Santos, C. A., Luiz, M. M., … & Herbert, L. J. A. (2011). Branched-chain amino acids supplementation enhances exercise capacity and lipid oxidation during endurance exercise after muscle glycogen depletion. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, 51(1), 82-88.
4. Hamel, F. G., Upward, J. L., Siford, G. L., & Duckworth, W. C. (2003). Inhibition of proteasome activity by selected amino acids. Metabolism, 52(7), 805-809.
5. Nicastro, H., Artioli, G. G., dos Santos Costa, A., Solis, M. Y., Da Luz, C. R., Blachier, F., & Lancha Jr, A. H. (2011). An overview of the therapeutic effects of leucine supplementation on skeletal muscle under atrophic conditions. Amino Acids, 40(2), 287-300.
6. Ra, S. G., Miyazaki, T., Ishikura, K., Nagayama, H., Suzuki, T., Maeda, S., … & Ohmori, H. (2013). Additional effects of taurine on the benefits of BCAA intake for the delayed-onset muscle soreness and muscle damage induced by high-intensity eccentric exercise. In Taurine 8 (pp. 179-187). Springer New York.
7. Stoppani, J., Scheett, T. P., Pena, J., Rudolph, C., Charlebois, D., & Charleston, S. C. (2009). Consuming branched-chain amino acid supplement during a resistance training program increases lean mass, muscle strength and fat loss. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 6(Suppl 1), P1.

L-Citrulline:
1. Bendahan, D., Mattei, J. P., Ghattas, B., Confort-Gouny, S., Le Guern, M. E., & Cozzone, P. J. (2002). Citrulline/malate promotes aerobic energy production in human exercising muscle. British journal of sports medicine,36(4), 282-289.
2. Hickner, R. C., Tanner, C. J., Evans, C. A., Clark, P. D., Haddock, A., Fortune, C., … & Mccammon, M. (2006). L-citrulline reduces time to exhaustion and insulin response to a graded exercise test. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 38(4), 660-666.
3. Pérez-Guisado, J., & Jakeman, P. M. (2010). Citrulline malate enhances athletic anaerobic performance and relieves muscle soreness. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 24(5), 1215-1222.
4. Sureda, A., Córdova, A., Ferrer, M. D., Pérez, G., Tur, J. A., & Pons, A. (2010). L-citrulline-malate influence over branched chain amino acid utilization during exercise. European journal of applied physiology, 110(2), 341-351.

Glutamine:
1. Welbourne, T. C. (1995). “Increased plasma bicarbonate and growth hormone after an oral glutamine load”. The American journal of clinical nutrition 61 (5): 1058–1061.
2. Morlion, B. J.; Stehle, P.; Wachtler, P.; Siedhoff, H. P.; Köller, M.; König, W.; Fürst, P.; Puchstein, C. (1998). “Total Parenteral Nutrition with Glutamine Dipeptide After Major Abdominal Surgery”. Annals of Surgery 227 (2): 302–308.
3. Lee, W. J.; Hawkins, R. A.; Viña, J. R.; Peterson, D. R. (1998). “Glutamine transport by the blood-brain barrier: A possible mechanism for nitrogen removal”. The American journal of physiology 274
4. Todorova, V. K., Kaufmann, Y., Luo, S., & Klimberg, V. S. (2011). Tamoxifen and raloxifene suppress the proliferation of estrogen receptor-negative cells through inhibition of glutamine uptake. [Research Support, U.S. Gov’t, Non-P.H.S.]. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol, 67(2), 285-291.
5. Bowtell, J. L., Gelly, K., Jackman, M. L., Patel, A., Simeoni, M., & Rennie, M. J. (1999). Effect of oral glutamine on whole body carbohydrate storage during recovery from exhaustive exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology,86(6), 1770-1777.

Potassium:
Kanbay, M., Bayram, Y., Solak, Y., & Sanders, P. W. (2013). Dietary potassium: A key mediator of the cardiovascular response to dietary sodium chloride. Journal of the American Society of Hypertension, 7(5), 395-400.
Zhou, X., Zhang, Z., Shin, M. K., Horwitz, S. B., Levorse, J. M., Zhu, L., … & Pan, Y. (2013). Heterozygous disruption of renal outer medullary potassium channel in rats is associated with reduced blood pressure. Hypertension, 62(2), 288-294.

Sodium:
1. Sims, S. T., van VLIET, L. I. N. D. A., Cotter, J., & Rehrer, N. (2007). Sodium loading aids fluid balance and reduces physiological strain of trained men exercising in the heat. Medicine and science in sports and exercise,39(1), 123.
2. Sims, S. T., Rehrer, N. J., Bell, M. L., & Cotter, J. D. (2007). Preexercise sodium loading aids fluid balance and endurance for women exercising in the heat. Journal of Applied Physiology, 103(2), 534-541.